Connect with us

Bitcoin

Bitcoin, de 1 céntimo a 20.000 dólares

Published

on

Desde sus orígenes como experimento informático en un pequeño foro de criptógrafos hasta su reciente estreno en Wall Street, pocos fenómenos en este siglo resultan tan controvertidos a nivel institucional y académico como incomprendidos por el gran público. ¿Es un proyecto anti-sistema, con tintes anarco-capitalistas, herramienta de hackers y delincuentes o, sin embargo, es un salto evolutivo que va a hacer replantearnos la manera en la que nos relacionamos, creamos y usamos el dinero en el siglo XXI?

Convendría intentar recopilar una serie de hechos y datos que nos van a ayudar a desterrar multitud de leyendas urbanas y prejuicios adquiridos, incluso desinformaciones deliberadas, que dificultan un análisis más profundo.

Bitcoin es una moneda electrónica que cumple todas las propiedades que comúnmente se asocian a cualquier tipo de dinero: se puede guardar, enviar para pagar bienes o servicios, no se estropea con el tiempo, es escasa, y es divisible (un bitcoin usa hasta ocho decimales)

Pero, además, incorpora lo que sus creadores pensaron que le faltaba al dinero actual: soberanía (nadie puede controlar quién tiene bitcoins ni dónde), autonomía (puede ser enviado a cualquier parte, cualquier cantidad, en minutos) y disciplina monetaria (nadie puede crear más bitcoins arbitrariamente y el sistema de generación de bitcoins está consensuado por todos sus usuarios)

¿Quién inventó entonces bitcoin?

La estructura original del protocolo informático fue presentada por una persona o un grupo de trabajo que firmaban bajo el seudónimo de Satoshi Nakamoto en el 2008, publicándose un documento llamado Bitcoin: Un sistema electrónico de dinero en efectivo sin intermediarios.

El dinero digital ya existía hace décadas. En juegos online como Ultima Online (1997) o Second Life (2004) ya se pagaban miles de dólares por monedas virtuales con las que podías conseguir bienes o servicios dentro del juego. Sin embargo, el avance fundamental que trae bitcoin, que sintetiza proyectos más pioneros como HashCash o BitGold (años 90), es la definición y puesta en marcha de Blockchain.

Como su propio nombre indica, es una”cadena de bloques” donde todas las transacciones y apuntes contables quedan escritas y verificadas por los propios miembros del sistema. Los intermediarios desaparecen (bancos centrales, bancos locales, mercados de cambio de divisas, autoridades reguladoras… ) El registro, o “ledger” en inglés, es inmutable e infalsificable, pues cada bloque queda vinculado al anterior y hace que sea económicamente inviable modificarlo a posteriori.

Un “minero” es, simplemente, un verificador de la red de bitcoin. Resolviendo unos cálculos matemáticos, dedican una gran cantidad de capacidad de proceso informático para verificar las transacciones generadas por la red y lanzar el siguiente bloque de la cadena. Los primeros años, cuando se creaban los primeros bitcoin, y la dificultad de estos cálculos era menor, cualquiera desde un ordenador de sobremesa podía contribuir a la red. Ahora hay grandes centros de minado en zonas geográficas concretas, con baja temperatura y coste bajo de electricidad, donde empresas especializadas invierten una inmensa capacidad de computación para competir por la generación de los menos de 5 millones de bitcoin que quedan por minar.

Los mineros ganan bitcoins al verificar los bloques de dos modos: por el algoritmo de creación de bitcoin, que de manera gradual va generando el resto de bitcoins que quedan hasta la cantidad fija final de 21 millones, y con las comisiones que los usuarios pagan por enviar bitcoins de una dirección de monedero a otra.

Últimamente se oye mucho un argumento crítico contra este sistema: “La energía que consume al año bitcoin es superior a la que usa un país como Dinamarca“. Se critica su viabilidad y sostenibilidad a largo plazo. La refutación de esto es sencilla, pero no para este artículo; baste con señalar que el consumo de energía de bitcoin es diez veces inferior al de, por ejemplo, toda la industria de la extracción y refinería del oro.

Se dice que el bitcoin es anónimo, que se usa para comprar drogas, armas o cosas peores. ¿Qué opina el Ministerio de Economía? ¿Y el de Hacienda? Es cierto que los primeros años, al carecer de unas estructuras mínimas y dotar de un relativo anonimato a sus poseedores, se usaba como sustitutivo del dinero negro para actividades delictivas.

Pero según han ido pasando los años diversos estados han ido dando pasos para regular la actividad de las empresas que comercian con bitcoins o los usan de algún modo. Al pedir más datos del cliente para cumplir las regulaciones, el mercado se ha limpiado de la mayoría de estos elementos indeseables. Se pueden realizar las mismas actividades delictivas con bitcoins que con dinero en efectivo; es una herramienta más que, por supuesto, puede ser mal utilizada.

Aún así, es importante entender que pisamos terreno inexplorado; literalmente las agencias reguladoras financieras van improvisando sobre la marcha. Muchos países como Suiza, Japón, Dubai o Estonia, y en varios estados de EEUU, como Delaware, en una inusual muestra de respeto por la libertad individual, están poniendo en marcha políticas tolerantes y flexibles para los usuarios de bitcoin, ya que está bastante claro que es mucho más factible regularlo que prohibirlo.

Advertisement

Bitcoin

Claims That Former TRON CTO Was Sacked For Bribery & Theft Surface

Published

on

Earlier this month, the Chief Techincal Officer of TRON, Lucien Chen announced his departure from the project. He had been with TRON since 2017 and laid out a three-point explanation as to why TRON just isn’t TRON anymore.

Following the announcement by Chen, the TRON PR sprung into action and according to the representatives from the project, Chen was actually sacked from his position months ago because:

“Suspicion of misappropriation of funds, bribery, competitive infringement, and theft of trade secrets and intellectual property.”

The CEO and founder of TRON, Justin Sun lent validation to this claim by retweeting it and a Reddit thread came up which relayed this information to the community.

Giving his reasons for leaving, Chen said:

“The whole project has developed into a monetary tool without any “decentralize the web” spirit… The technology platform of TRON was built by me. I certainly know that the real Internet applications cannot function in TRON network at all currently. The TRON ecosystem is still far from commercial applications that users can really apply to.”

There are now claims that the former CTO was bribing people, misappropriately using funds, theft and so on. A post on Reddit claims:

“Chen, Zhu, and Xie were dismissed in January, 2019 for violation of corporate policies and the law. Relevant documents and materials have been handed over to the judiciary.”

News Source:Crypto Daily

Continue Reading

Bitcoin

Living on Bitcoin Just Got Even Easier, AT&T Accept Crypto Payments With Bitpay

Published

on

Earlier today, US telecom giant AT&T proudly announced that it had become the first major American mobile carrier to accept crypto assets for the payment of bills. Customers will be able to settle their accounts using Bitcoin thanks to a deal with BitPay.

Although such developments are great for those earning in Bitcoin, for most people interested in the number one digital currency, the appeal will likely be limited. They therefore do not quite represent the holy grail’s of crypto adoption many portray them to be.

AT&T to Accept Bitcoin Payments Through BitPay

It’s getting easier than ever to live your life exclusively using digital currency. More and more online merchants are opening up to crypto assets in one way or another.

Many with a vested interest in digital currency were excited recently by the news that several large companies would be accepting Bitcoin payments – albeit in a round about way. Bitcoin users can now kit out their wardrobes at Nordstrom, shop for gaming supplies at GameStop, and even pay directly for their groceries at Whole Foods using their favourite digital currency.

This latter point got people particularly excited given that internet retail behemoth Amazon owns WholeFoods. Speculation is rife that Amazon itself could be next to accept Bitcoin via this convoluted method of using a payment processor to pay with a peer-to-peer currency.

You see, part of the recent wave of increased acceptance has been made possible by a deal between crypto exchange Gemini and a payments start-up called Flexa. Users actually pay using an application called Spedn. The merchants themselves don’t receive Bitcoin but they for very little investment they can look supportive of uber-trendy things like cryptocurrency.

The latest company to join the pseudo acceptance bandwagon is US mobile giant AT&T. It announcedvia a blog post earlier today that it would be using crypto payments processing company BitPay to receive payments from its customers online.

In the AT&T press release, Kevin McDorman, the vice president of the company’s business operations, stated of the move:

“We’re always looking for ways to improve and expand our services… We have customers who use cryptocurrency, and we are happy we can offer them a way to pay their bills with the method they prefer.”

Sure, It’s Great for Crypto USERS, Not so Much for Speculators

Just like the other recent announcements of so-called merchant acceptance, this is not really the bullish news that many have made it out to be. Since AT&T will be using BitPay to process payments, they will simply receive dollars as they always would have done. To get those dollars, the Bitcoin is immediately sold creating additional downside pressure on the price of Bitcoin. For those purely speculating, it should be realised that by using such services you are increasing the likelihood of dropping the price of Bitcoin. It will be truly exciting when a major retailers takes payment directly in Bitcoin themselves and goes on to finance the business itself using the crypto asset.

Of course, these stories of increased acceptance are great for those who get paid in Bitcoin and don’t want to have to deal with an exchange just to go about their daily routines. Having more options than ever to spend crypto directly at is certainly advantageous for those trying to live without fiat.

News Source

Continue Reading

Bitcoin

Bitcoin [BTC] Going Above $7,950 will Start Another Breakout – Analyst

Published

on

Bitcoin has been in a slight pullback for a few days now and those who have been watching the charts during this time may be confused as to the direction Bitcoin, and indeed the whole market is going next. A cryptocurrency trader known as DonAlt on Twitter has given some light on the market. He said the lead currency will see some light if it manages to rise to $7,950 from the current $7,842 price.

Bitcoin market chart from TradingView

When will this happen?

Bitcoin grew really fast especially in May, rising way above $8,000 and the crypto community expected a move towards $10,000. However, the market started pulling back in what seemed to be a crash, but analysts said was normal. At the time, the cryptocurrency was said to be growing too fast and needed to correct again before rising at a slower pace.

This seems to agree with DonAlt’s position as the cryptocurrency has eventually corrected but its growth has become significantly slower than before. Another analyst Josh Rager says the asset will be consolidating this week and great volatility should be expected on Friday, May 31st. This may eventually lead to a climb to DonAlt’s critical $7,950 price and the long-awaited recovery above $8,000 again.

 

A long-awaited rise

The initial price rise evidently raised the expectations of the crypto community and many Bitcoin holders cannot wait for the price to go up again. Not only that, altcoins were expected to rise with Bitcoin’s pullback but the current one has held down even the alts. The rise of Bitcoin is currently probably the only hope for the market and the entire space is looking forward to it.

-News Source

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Advertisement