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Bitcoin Price Surges 4% as Crypto Exchange BitMEX Initiates Maintenance

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Over the past 12 hours, the Bitcoin price has increased by more than 4 percent, rising from $6,400 to $6,700 within a short period of time.

Analysts have attributed the abrupt increase in the price of Bitcoin to the temporary downtime of BitMEX, a crypto exchange widely recognized for its margin trading system that enables users to trade Bitcoin and Ethereum with leverage against the US dollar.

As investors could not log into BitMEX and alter their trade orders, analysts stated that Bitcoin short contracts, which achieved a new monthly high on August 21, were liquidated, pushing the price of Bitcoin up 4 percent.

BitMEX Situation

On August 19, the BitMEX cautioned its users regarding a system maintenance that was planned to be held on August 21. The maintenance was executed as previously planned and the system was down briefly for a couple of hours, disallowing traders from logging into the platform and executing trades.

BitMEX postponed the resumption of its system for several minutes, after some users reported difficulty logging in. Apart from the minor hiccup in the logging in process, the maintenance was executed properly, without major delays.

“Some users are reporting difficulty in logging in. We are diagnosing. We have postponed resumption of trading for 5 minutes to 01:35. We will report back shortly,” BitMEX said on August 21, following up with a short update, “Trading resumption deferred until login is stable. We will report back shortly. Login has stabilized. We encountered a large DDoS upon restarting web services. We will resume trading at 02:00 UTC (in 7 minutes).”

Within hours, the BitMEX trading platform was restored and it resumed its normal operations, enabling traders to execute trades and orders.

But, analysts have said that the surge in the price of Bitcoin demonstrated manipulation in the market by large-scale retail traders that took advantage of the downtime of BitMEX, a period in which investors can no longer short the market, to drive up the price of Bitcoin.

Alex Kruger, a cryptocurrency trader and trading analyst at large FX market maker, said that the BTC price surge on August 22 has shown the concerns of the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regarding market manipulation.

“The BTC lightning +7% breakout during Bitmex’s downtime shows why odds of SEC approving the CBOE bitcoin ETF proposal should be close to zero. Even if no manipulation (that’s debatable) this stresses the importance of BitMEX, a fully unregulated market with 40% market share,” Kruger said.

Last month, the US SEC disapproved the exchange-traded fund (ETF) application filed by the Winklevoss twins, citing an issue with the ETF’s dependance on Gemini, a US-based cryptocurrency exchange, as the main source of price.

Market Needs to Mature

For the crypto market to mature, it will need some stability in the market and if it can be affected by minor events like a scheduled maintenance of BitMEX, then the market is still clearly at its infancy, which may decrease the probability of an ETF or any public instrument being approved.

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Banks Can’t Snub Crypto Startups Thanks to France’s New Blockchain Law

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The Takeaway:

  • France’s new crypto law grants blockchain-related projects the right to a bank account, provided they opt in to being regulated
  • There’s an optional certification or “visa” for ICO projects as well as crypto services providers such as exchanges and custodians
  • The new law paves the way for French life insurance and private equity funds to get more exposure to crypto assets
  • All of this is a far cry from the U.S.

Among developed countries, France’s new approach to regulated cryptocurrency and blockchain companies can fairly be described as avant garde.

In perhaps the most striking example, the regulatory framework drafted by Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF), the country’s financial markets overseer, aims to remove a longstanding point of contention faced by such startups: banking relationships.

Under the framework, firms that opt in to be regulated are guaranteed a bank account. This is a long way from the U.S., where regulators’ warnings about “reputation risk” have tacitly discouraged banks from providing deposit accounts to digital currency businesses.

According to Domitille Dessertine, head of the fintech, innovation and competitiveness division at AMF, “strong feedback” from crypto players on the need for adequate banking was matched by firm consensus from the French authorities.

The French government and legislators “were very supportive of this right and entitlement to open a bank account as long as you are regulated,” said Dessertine, who has been shepherding the new rules over the past two years.

Under the new law, the burden is now on banks to explain why they won’t serve startups, she explained:

“The relationship between the project and the bank remains contractual, but if the banks refuse then they will need to justify with us why they have refused to open a bank account.”

Dessertine said a parallel can be drawn with crowdfunding a few years ago, where banks were reluctant to open accounts for such platforms because money was coming from the internet. However, today this works fine, she noted, stating that “all types of banks, large and small,” will be subject to the new provision.

But this new requirement is just part of wide-ranging blockchain bill adopted at its final reading in the French National Assembly on April 11. Part of PACTE Law, the government’s plan to create a new legal environment more favorable for growth of small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs), the bill also offers purveyors of initial coin offerings (ICOs), as well as “digital asset service providers” (such as exchanges and custodians), the option to attain a “visa” to operate in France.

Emilien Bernard-Alzias, a partner at law firm Simmons & Simmons in Paris pointed out that the French parliament and particularly its so-called “crypto-deputies” have wanted to make life easier for crypto-entrepreneurs for some time.

He told CoinDesk:

“Before PACTE law this was a struggle for crypto-related businesses to open a bank account with a French bank. But now French banks which refuse to open an account will have to explain their refusal before the French regulators  and we can bet they would avoid having this discussion with the French regulators.”

Queuing up

Enthusiasm at the highest levels for France’s new crypto rules has been very clear.

Last week at Paris Blockchain Summit, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire proposed that the European Union use the bill as a model “to set up a single regulatory framework on crypto-assets inspired by the French experience.”

While the formal application process for firms to gain optional certification in France will not open until after the summer, there has already been plenty of interest, noted AMF’s Dessertine who said 20 to 30 digital asset service providers, including “large and small exchanges” have been in touch already.

She added:

“There has been significant interest in the new license proposed for digital asset service providers, which includes crypto exchanges, be they fiat to crypto or crypto to crypto. So if Huobi, for instance, wants this license it will be possible for them to ask for it.”

Dessertine explained the framework will be operational after the publication of the implementing decrees which will happen over the next couple of months. “We hope this will be enacted by May, or at the latest June,” she said. “We foresee the application process to be operational for ICOs by September and the intermediaries license we expect will be operational by year end, maybe a little earlier.”

The French regulator has also been careful about making the crypto visa optional, so as not to cramp innovation in this fast-moving space, said Dessertine, adding:

“There are some business models that may not fit within a regulatory framework. I’m thinking of fully decentralized projects where you don’t even have an identified corporate issuer, where it’s really a community of people working together.”

It’s a sentiment echoed by Bernard-Alzias, who pointed out the new regulations are not designed to limit or control, but rather to attract.

“Neither PACTE law nor the AMF wants to force people to seek one of the optional licenses but if crypto-related firms want to take advantage of these optional licenses to appear more reliable and gain new clients or partners, they could,” he said. “And quite surprisingly, this works! Dozens and dozens of non-French crypto related firms already want to obtain these optional licenses even though the AMF should not start to grant them before September.”

Fund management

Another notable change allows France’s roughly $2.5 trillion worth of insurance funds to take on more exposure to crypto assets.

PACTE Law allows the French equivalent of hedge funds – specialized professional funds (FPSs) – greater freedom with regard to investing on behalf of life offices.

However, French legal experts believe such seismic shifts may still be some way off. Hubert de Vauplane, a partner at law firm Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel, said life insurance offices may have the possibility to invest in crypto thanks to the new PACTE law, “but honestly, at this time it is theoretical.”

De Vauplane highlighted practical impediments such as a lack of institutional grade custody solution for crypto assets. He also pointed out that certain types of funds under EU regulation (Alternative Investment Funds or AIFs) and French law are allowed to hold assets registered within a blockchain, including crypto assets.

“If a life insurance company wants to sell life product exposed in crypto (which is allowed), it is only possible via an AIF/ FPS fund. No custodian fund in France is yet prepared to accept to ‘keep’ crypto assets. But for sure, the offer will come soon,” he said.

Perhaps preparing to test the waters, a subsidiary of French financial colossus Societe Generale recently issued a covered bond (a traditional European instrument similar to mortgage-backed securities) in the form of a token on the public ethereum blockchain.

Although SocGen itself was the sole investor in the issuance, it is pari passu (“on an equal footing” in terms of repayment priority) with other covered bonds, according to a report from Moody’s Investors Service – suggesting that the lender could sell the bonds in the secondary market later on. SocGen’s issuance took advantage of a 2017 French decree that recognized blockchain as a valid recording system for securities, Moody’s noted.

The new rules also encourage French private equity or VC funds to get more involved in ICO tokens, allowing them to invest in crypto assets up to 20% of their assets under management (AUM).

In its approach to ICOs, France differs dramatically from the U.S., where the definition of a security is broad enough to capture many things. Jay Clayton, chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, has famously said every ICO he’s seen is a security.

By contrast, the French definition of a security is narrow and means either a clearly defined financial derivative contract, or an instrument like a stock, bond, or unit share of a fund.

Dessertine concluded:

“To us, most of the tokens that were issued by ICOs and cryptos themselves do not fall within our definition of security.”

 

source:coindesk

 

 

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Two Dark Web Drug Dealers Indicted for Money Laundering in Crypto

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In a first, two dark web drug dealers were indicted for running a steroid and controlled substance business that laundered millions of dollars in cryptocurrency and Western Union payments.

The defendants Callaway Crain and Mark Sanchez, were charged with selling their products, which they manufactured, marketed, and shipped, on a website they controlled called “NextDayGear,” and on the dark web. The duo sold injectable steroids and oral steroids, in addition to medications to counteract the effect of steroid use, including Xanax, Valium, and Viagra. On Monday, Crain and Sanchez pleaded guilty to Money Laundering in the 2nd Degree and Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance in the 5th Degree, with promised sentences of 2 ½ to 7 ½ years in prison. They are expected to be sentenced on July 12, 2019.

Commenting on the judgement, District Attorney Vance said, “These defendants raked in crypto and cash worth millions on their full-service website that sold prescription-free counterfeit steroids and other controlled substances to customers in all fifty states. Online drug sellers who do business in New York should take note: whether you’re operating in plain sight or in hidden corners of the dark web, my Office has the skills and resources to follow the money, shut down your business, and hold you accountable.”

The duo, allegedly, purchased steroids, precursor chemicals, and other controlled substances wholesale from China and other countries. After obtaining the chemicals and substances, they mixed, pressed, and packaged them, often under brand names they created; advertised and sold them online; and shipped them to customers in all 50 states and sixteen countries.

However, this is not the first time, dark web businesses have been shut down by the federal forces. Last year, in a year-long sting involving multiple US agencies including the Secret Service, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), ICE’s Homeland Security Investigation (HSI), more than 35 individuals were arrested in a nationwide undercover operation. During the raid, over 23.6 Million was seized out of which $20 million was cryptocurrencies.

At the time, the HSI acting executive associate director Derek Benner had said, “The Darknet is ever-changing and increasingly more intricate, making locating and targeting those selling illicit items on this platform more complicated. But in this case, HSI special agents were able to walk amongst those in the cyber underworld to find those vendors who sell highly addictive drugs for a profit.”

Source:chepicap

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Samsung Invests $2.9 Mn in Crypto Wallet Startup Ledger, Might be Working on its Own Cryptocurrency

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Electronics giant, Samsung is getting serious into its cryptocurrency game plan and also rumours in the market about the company developing its own Samsung Coin going strong. There has been no official word on the development but is likely to be true given the company’s recent investments in the crypto sphere and integration of crypto wallets to several of its devices.

Samsung has also made an investment of  2.6 million euro or $2.9 million in hardware cryptocurrency wallet manufacturer, Ledger. The announcement was made on April 24th and no further details have been given out except the initial investment amount.

At the moment it is not clear, whether the investment by Samsung is a part of a larger funding round or is a strategic one. Ledger in 2017 has raised $7 million in Series A round, $75 million Series B in 2018. The latest investment also coincides with Ledger promoting Pascal Gauthier to CEO.

Co-founder Éric Larchevêque confirmed the investment by Samsung in one of his tweets saying:

“We will always need hardware wallets, but to accompany a revolution crypto based on a personal sovereignty accessible to all, the smartphone will actually play a central role.”

The news about Samsung developing its own cryptocurrency came from a news outlet Coindesk Korea, in which an anonymous source told that “Samsung may end up developing a public-private blockchain complete with its own cryptocurrency token.”

It has been also reported that the Samsung Coin is based on ERC20 token and is currently in the process of creating mainnet.

Source:chepicap

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