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Ripple’s Claims Regarding Nostro and Vostro Accounts Could be Wrong



Ripple, one of the most popular cryptocurrency-related companies in the market has been trying to help financial institutions and banks to process cross-border payments in a faster and cheaper way. With one of the latest products released by the firm, xRapid, the intention is to use the XRP digital asset to reduce even further the costs of sending transactions to different countries.

One of the reasons that Ripple gives for banks to start embracing the XRP virtual currency is due to the fact that they can source liquidity on-demand. Ripple also says that financial institutions will not have to depend on costly Nostro and Vostro accounts located around the world.

However, Frances Coppola, a Senior Contributor for Forbes, explains that there is no such thing as ‘Dorman Funds’ in banking. According to the author of the article, these accounts are transaction accounts that most of the people call “checking” accounts.

On the matter, she wrote:

“‘Nostro’ means ‘my account with you’: ‘vostro means ‘your account with me.’ For every nostro at one bank, there is an equivalent vostro at another bank.”

She puts the example of an American bank that has to make a payment in Euros to another European bank. In this way, the American institution opens a Euro account at the European bank, having in this way a Vostro account that can be used to deposit Euro. The account must hold enough money to meet forthcoming payment obligations.

The article says that these bank accounts are also used to make a lot of money from interest payments on Vostro accounts. Thus, there is an incentive to have large balances on these accounts. However, there is a point to mark related to the fact that interest rates are close to zero.

Banks should always have the funds to cover the obligations for the upcoming 30 days predicting how much funds they will need. Banks can combine reports with spot FX deals or just use FX derivatives to set up future trading steam.

According to the article, the number of funds located in Vostro and Nostro accounts is higher than ever. A report released by McKinsey says that in 2015, Nostro balances around the world reached $27 trillion. The reason why Nostro balances are so high is due to the fact that transnational payments are growing.

Ripple claims that the funds stored in Nostro and Vostro accounts are not doing anything. Although they are locked up, they will be used to make payments in the future. That means that the funds cannot be used by the bank, but instead, they are going to be used to pay someone else.

The author asks the question of whether using XRP to source liquidity on-demand can eliminate large balances in Nostro and Vostro accounts. What Mrs. Coppola explains is that the same amount of money that was going to be used to fund a currency account in another bank will be used to buy the XRP and pay the other institution.

Using XRP for these large transactions would allow banks to use their own currency rather than foreign currency. Additionally, regulators would require the institution to hold liquid assets to cover these payments 30 days in advance as well.

Another thing that the author explains is that banks use Nostro accounts because they receive the most advantageous FX rate. That means that they will be funding Nostro accounts well in advance of a specific payment. Additionally, this money can be lent to short-term wholesale markets or used to buy liquid interest-bearing securities in a specific currency.

She went on explaining that banks will be losing their ability to control their own FX exposure. About it, Coppola explained:

“Rather than the bank choosing when to convert from dollars to Euros, and at what rate XRP hub would do it automatically when the payment was made, and the effective USDEUR exchange rate would be determined by the USDXRP and EURXRP cross rates at that time.”

In the example she provided, she says that the USDEUR is the most liquid FX market in the world. Why would banks use two low-liquidity rates rather than the world’s premier currency pair?

Another thing she talked about is the large sums of XRP that the company currently holds. She mentioned that the price of XRP is not fully market-determined when there is a dominant player rationing the supply. Moreover, she said that the transactions would also take a long time to be processed. Due to the fact that the firms would have to use exchanges, the transaction is not complete until the funds can be withdrawn from the exchange. In many cases, these withdrawal requests can take several days or even weeks.

Finally, Coppola shows that international payments take around 2 or 3 days to be processed. However, the final settlement is instant within the Continuous Linked Settlement (CLS) system.

She concludes saying that using XRP would not eliminate the real problems related to risk-averse banks. The major use case related to XRP is in providing payments around the world in countries that could be shut out of correspondent banking networks. In sum, for Frances Coppola,

“Ripple is trying to solve a problem that does not exist.”




Ripple Says Sales of XRP Cryptocurrency Grew 31% in Q1



Blockchain payments startup Ripple has reported a 31 percent increase in sales of XRP over the first three months of the year.

The San Francisco-based firm sold a total of $169.42 million in XRP in Q1, compared with $129.03 million in the previous quarter, it announced Wednesday.

Ripple further said that direct institutional sales of XRP totaled $61.93 million in Q1 – 54 percent more than the previous quarter. Programmatic sales of the cryptocurrency, meanwhile, grew from $88.88 million to $107.49 million, an increase of 21 percent.

It’s not all good news, though. The total volume of XRP traded globally decreased by about 2 percent to reach $53.85 billion in Q1 as compared to $54.82 billion in Q4 of last year.

Further, looking at the year-on-year figures, XRP sales have not shown significant growth. In Q1 of 2018, the firm sold $167.7 million-worth of XRP, which is just 1.03 percent less than Q1 of this year.

Ripple said that it released 3 billion XRPs out of escrow accounts in Q1 2019 and additional 2.30 billion XRPs were returned and put into new escrow contracts. “The remaining 700 million XRP not returned to escrow are being used in a variety of ways to help support the XRP ecosystem,” the firm explained.

XRP, the third largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, is now listed on around 120 exchanges, as 19 new exchanges moved to list the cryptocurrency in Q1 2019, according to Ripple’s data.

January to March 2019 was also the second-lowest volatility quarter since Q4 2013 for XRP, Ripple added, as “rolling volatility of 30-day returns steadily declined throughout the quarter.”







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Ripple’s Q1 sales account for 0.32 percent of XRP’s global volume, reveals report



Ripple, a leading U.S based Fintech company providing payment settlement solutions, released its Q1 report for the year 2019. The report provides insight into the amount of XRP taken out from the escrow account, the firm’s financial progress, and an overall update on the XRP market.

The report stated,“Ripple’s Q1 sales accounted for 0.32 percent of global XRP volume. Three billion XRP were released out of cryptographic escrow, 2.30 billion returned to escrow. XRP is now listed on approximately 120 exchanges worldwide”

The report also stated that Ripple withdrew 1 billion XRP each from its escrow account over the last three months, a total of 3 billion XRP. Out of this, over 700 million XRP was used for the development of the ecosystem, while the remaining 2.3 billion XRP was deposited back into its escrow account.

Notably, the report stated that the firm sold $169.42 million worth of XRP in the first quarter, an increase to 0.32 percent from 0.25% in Q4 2018, in terms of sales in global XRP volume. On one hand, institutional direct sales also saw a significant increase from 2018 Q4, growing from $40.15 million to $61.93 million. On the other hand, programmatic sales also saw a massive hike from 2018 Q4, rising from $88.88 million to $107.49 million.

Cryptopolis, a Twitter user, commented,

“I don’t know anymore then you, but their actions speak louder then words. They are out there building the xrp ecosystem. If you don’t trust them go find another project to crap on and sell your xrp now.”

Tony Valentino, another Twitter user, said,“Market manipulation at its finest.”Source: Twitter

@LiamLightmare said,

Source. ambcrypto

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Ripple (XRP/USD) forecast and analysis on April 25, 2019



Cryptocurrency Ripple (XRP/USD) is trading at 0.3197. Cryptocurrency quotes are trading below the moving average with a period of 55. This indicates a bearish trend on Ripple. At the moment, cryptocurrency quotes are moving near the lower border of the Bollinger Bands indicator bands.

Ripple (XRP/USD) forecast and analysis on April 25, 2019

As part of the forecast Ripple course is expected to test the level of 0.3270. Where should we expect an attempt to continue the fall of XRP/USD and the further development of the downward trend. The purpose of this movement is the area near the level of 0.3020. The conservative Ripple sales area is located near the upper border of the Bollinger Bands indicator at 0.3290.

Ripple (XRP/USD) forecast and analysis on April 25, 2019

Cancellation of the option to continue the decline in the Ripple rate will be a breakdown of the upper border of the Bollinger Bands indicator bands. As well as the moving average with a period of 55 and the closing of quotations of the pair above the 0.3320 area. This will indicate a change in the current trend in favor of the bullish for XRP/USD. In case of a breakdown of the lower border of the Bollinger Bands indicator bands, one should expect an acceleration of the fall of the cryptocurrency.

Ripple (XRP/USD) forecast and analysis on April 25, 2019 implies a test level of 0.3270. Further, it is expected to continue falling to the area below the level of 0.3020. The conservative area for selling Ripple is located area of 0.3290. Canceling the option of falling cryptocurrency will be a breakdown of the level of 0.3320. In this case, we should expect continued growth.

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