Facebook released the Whitepaper of its cryptocurrency, Libra on 18th June 2019. The cryptocurrency community and Bitcoin maximalists welcomed the news as a positive impetus for awareness about Bitcoin. Nevertheless, one might still argue that, if Libra is globally used as a medium of exchange, what the use of Bitcoin [BTC] is?
An analogy with Gold could explain the difference between the two. While Bitcoin is a store of value, Libra, like many other FIAT currencies, is a medium of exchange. David Marcus, the Co-Creator of Libra, Head of Facebook’s Blockchain team and former head of PayPal suggested the same in a tweet, he said,
“Many want to pit Libra vs. Bitcoin. In my mind these two are not in the same category. BTC is a decorrelated (investment) asset. Libra is designed to be a stable medium-of-exchange. I have been, and remain a fan of BTC, but for very different purposes.”
If there was a competition between Libra and Bitcoin, Marcus seems to have conceded rather than overselling the facts. Moreover, he mentioned that Bitcoin is a ‘decorrelated asset’; an asset that has no particular utility; however, ubiquitous and limited in nature like Gold.
Samson Mow, Crypto-analyst and Blockchain expert agreed with David Marcus as he tweeted,
‘Totally agree with David. They are not in the same category. Libra is the western clone of Alipay, marketed as a cryptocurrency.’
What is Bitcoin then?
Andreas Antonopolous, an educator and author of several books on Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies, explained that since Libra is not borderless (imposed by Government constraints), censored, ‘permissioned‘ and even mutable to a certain degree on validators consent, it not an ideal cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is open, borderless, permissionless, censorship-resistant, publicly verifiable and immutable.
All the other currencies like US Dollar, Euros, Yen, Yuan, and so on, are backed by the GDP of a country. The stablecoins pegged to these currencies are hence exposed to the same degree of risk a FIAT is. Libra, on the other hand, is backed by a basket of currencies and Government bonds. Being a cryptocurrency, it is also transparent and partly decentralized.
Hence, there is a high possibility that will become a popular medium if Exchange and challenge the current banking system. The new cryptocurrency enabled system will allow the ‘unbanked’ population of the world to transact freely using their phones.
Released: Facebook’s Testimony for Senate Hearing on Controversial Libra Project
Written testimony by David Marcus, Facebook’s head of blockchain, has been released.
Marcus is scheduled to be grilled by Congress on Tuesday and Wednesday at two separate hearings set by the U.S. Senate Banking and House Financial Services Committees, as lawmakers tackle the tech giant’s controversial digital asset Libra, its Swiss-based Libra Association and its quest to initiate financial services under its newly formed, FinCEN-registered subsidiary Calibra.
Much of the crackdown on Libra weighs on Facebook’s track record of mishandling user data and the company’s apparent “sprint” to launch its new digital asset without a full reckoning.
“To be clear, the Libra Association expects that it will be licensed, regulated, and subject to supervisory oversight. Because the Association is headquartered in Geneva, it will be supervised by the Swiss Financial Markets Supervisory Authority (FINMA). We have had preliminary discussions with FINMA and expect to engage with them on an appropriate regulatory framework for the Libra Association. The Association also intends to register with FinCEN as a money services business.
The Libra Association is similarly committed to supporting efforts by regulators, central banks, and lawmakers to ensure that Libra contributes to the fight against money laundering, terrorism financing, and more.”
Several factors are at stake. First, Libra’s 2020 launch date is expected to be impacted by the outcome of the hearings. Since Libra is a stablecoin pegged to a basket of fiat currencies, the U.S. Security and Exchange Commission could decide that it meets the threshold for regulation, just like an exchange-traded fund (ETF). If so, Libra could languish, becoming another blockchain-based product seeking approval, along with several Bitcoin ETF applications that have yet to be approved by the SEC.
Second, Libra may be subject to a new draft bill discussion designed to prohibit big tech companies from issuing a digital asset and engaging in the financial services industry.
Third, the hearings could impact the overall cryptocurrency market as perceptions equate a win for Libra as a boost for Bitcoin and crypto, with an unfavorable outcome indicating more friction between regulators and crypto-related products and businesses.
Marcus, however, is focused on maintaining control over Libra’s launch and assuring US lawmakers that Facebook has gotten the message and that it is prepared to act responsibly.
“In fact, I expect that this will be the broadest, most extensive, and most careful pre-launch oversight by regulators and central banks in Fintech’s history. We know we need to take the time to get this right. And I want to be clear: Facebook will not offer the Libra digital currency until we have fully addressed regulatory concerns and received appropriate approvals.”
You can check out Marcus’s full written statement here.
Facebook Crypto Haters Proposes Doomsday Bill; Bitcoin to Benefit?
A “discussion draft” bill set out to spell doomsday on the dreams of many financial technology projects is making rounds on Crypto Twitter.
Unconfirmed yet unsettling, the “Keep Big Tech Out of Finance” bill proposes to “prohibit large platform utilities” from becoming a financial institution or getting affiliated with a person that runs a financial institution.” In the case of non-compliance, the violator in question would need to pay a fine not more than $1 million for each day of violation.“A large platform utility may not establish, maintain, or operate a digital asset that is intended to be widely used as a medium of exchange, unit of account, store of value, or any other similar function, as defined by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,” read the bill.
Facebook Libra Hearing on Tuesday
The draft surfaced ahead of a congressional meeting on the Facebook cryptocurrency Libra, scheduled on July 16. The U.S. House Financial Services Committee so far has reserved a strict view on the social media giant’s foray into the financial sector, with many members ordering it to halt developing it until further notice.
Officials of the US leading government and regulatory agencies feel the same. Last week, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said in his congressional address that Libra posed severe concerns regarding money laundering and economy destabilization. Hours later, US President Donald Trump tweeted against the cryptocurrency project, iterating that Facebook would need to go through a rigorous regulatory procedure as banks do.
The new bill, nevertheless, clarifies that the government does not even want technology firms to compete with their commercial counterparts. Anthony Pompliano, co-founder & partner at Morgan Creek Digital, called out the unfair competitive advantage with a sarcastic “Wow,” adding:
“Unlikely to succeed, but this is the most bullish thing for Bitcoin I’ve heard in weeks.”
Bitcoin Trends Cautiously
The weekend price action in the bitcoin market is showing a cautious take at the investors’ end. The world’s leading cryptocurrency, which rose to its year-to-date high of $13,868.44 after Libra’s technical paper launch, now stands almost 18 percent lower. But as Pompliano stated, it is in for a ride to the upside.
Bitcoin Price Trending Inside a Bull Pennant | Image Credits: TradingView.com
Bitcoin reportedly jumped almost twofold on rumors that Facebook Libra would boost its name and fame among the ordinary people. Investors jumped into it to speculate and, as typical in any market, exited it atop local highs to make an attractive interim profit. But as many believe, many of those investors would stay back in the bitcoin market, given a string of gloomy economic issues that lie ahead.
Facebook Libra’s dismissal by the US Congress, for instance, could project bitcoin as the only real cryptocurrency alternative that does not bend before political bullying. Subsequently, Trump’s open declaration about manipulating the US dollar rates in the future makes an entire use case for bitcoin, as noted by Jameson Lopp of CASA. The chief technology officer said on Wednesday:
“There’s one perspective that Bitcoin need not do anything else to become a global reserve currency: all it needs to do is nothing as it watches other systems inevitably fail under the follies of fickle fallible humans.”
Trump’s anti-bitcoin tweet on Thursday has furthered bitcoin’s popularity. People are finally speaking about it at dinner tables (its a personal experience). That makes a super bullish case for an asset that has been compared to Ponzi schemes, financial scams, and even rat poisons.
The Libra doomsday bill could set an example of how much control governments enjoy over an individual’s financial freedom.
Dr. Doom Replaces Bitcoin Hatred With Facebook Hate
The well-known Bitcoin hater, Nouriel Roubini – AKA Dr Doom – seems to have moved on from the leading cryptocurrency as he is now aiming his hate towards Facebook’s upcoming cryptocurrency, Libra. Following the announcement of the upcoming stablecoin, Roubini said that Libra is blockchain “blockchain in name only”.
On top of this, the New York University economics professor argued that Facebook’s cryptocurrency was only designed as a money grabber for the social network to up profits. He goes on to say that Libra is a“monopoly scam” given that Facebook has billions of users all across the world.
Responding to a tweet from CoinDesk, Dr Doom said:
“It will start as a private, permissioned, not-trustless, centralized oligopolistic members-only club. So much for calling it “blockchain”. Like all “enterprise DLT” it is blockchain in name only and an monopoly to extract massive seignorage from billions of users. A monopoly scam”.
In another tweet, the economist warned of Facebook “ridiculous chutzpah” designs. According to him, the social network intends to use Libra to become the central bank of the whole world.
In a tweet from last month, Roubini said:
“At a time when Big Tech is coming under sharp legislative scrutiny coz of serious anti-trust concerns and all govs, even the US, want to crack down on these monopolies Facebook wants to become the monopolistic Global Fed without even a bank license. What a ridiculous chutzpah!”
Before claiming that Facebook was a ‘monopoly scam’ or ‘ridiculous chutzpah’, Dr Doom warned of the risk factor associated with Facebook’s cryptocurrency. Potential users of Libra from the United States might be turned off by a cryptocurrency that’s also linked to relatively unstable currencies from emerging markets, as an example
“Also as FB Coin linked to a basket of currencies there is significant currency risk for users whose main currency is dollar or euro or any other. Most consumers are local and think/pay local and dont want currency risk related to using a coin that is a basket of global currencies”.
So will Facebook’s Libra coin just be a cash cow or will it be a respectful project with real long-term goals? Only time will tell but hopefully, it will be the latter. Not only would it bring in some well-needed legitimacy to an emerging industry but it could see an influx of more enthusiasts and investment.