Crypto lending products have come under scrutiny from security regulators in some jurisdictions across the United States. While these enforcement actions have come from agencies at the state level, there have been indications that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was also set to go on the offensive.
Thus, it was perhaps unsurprising to see the SEC ask Coinbase to halt its proposed crypto lending program titled “Lend.” Coinbase CEO Brian Armstrong took to Twitter to express dissatisfaction with the SEC’s behavior, stating that the Commission was not forthcoming with useful guidance despite public assurances to the contrary.
Critics of the SEC’s enforcement actions directed at the U.S. crypto space warn that America risks falling behind in the emerging digital economy if suitable regulatory sandboxes are not created. However, the SEC has maintained that the size and growth potential of the cryptocurrency space makes it necessary for the industry to operate within the ambit of existing laws and guidelines.
Lending is a security
As previously reported by Cointelegraph, the SEC recently threatened Coinbase with legal action if the exchange giant brings its crypto lending product to market. According to Armstrong, the Wells notice — a letter that the regulator sends to firms it intends to bring a lawsuit against — came as a surprise to the company given its attempts to iron out any regulatory wrinkles with the SEC before its launch announcement.
Indeed, the Coinbase CEO stated that Coinbase was looking to introduce its Lend product to customers “in a few weeks.” However, the latest from the SEC might see the company delaying the planned launch at least for now.
As part of the Twitter thread, Armstrong countered the SEC’s argument that lending is a security. However, America’s established securities law classifies lending as a security with some notable exceptions, for example, banks.
According to the Coinbase CEO, the SEC says that the company’s Lend product is a security because it behaves like an “investment contract,” i.e., it is an investment of money (in this case, customer’s crypto deposits) in a common enterprise with a reasonable expectation of profit (yield) that is derived from the efforts of others. As such, Coinbase cannot launch its crypto lending product without due approval from the SEC.
However, Coinbase has countered this position by stating that Lend does not constitute an investment contract. Instead, the company’s customers are lending the USD Coin (USDC) in their accounts in the course of an already existing relationship with Coinbase. The company also stated that it is obligatory to pay interest to its Lend customers regardless of the success of its broader operations and business activities.
Part of the confusion surrounding the SEC’s interpretation of decades-old security regulations to a crypto lending program likely stems from the Commission’s apparent lack of transparency in stating how it plans to evaluate such products within the framework of the Howey and Reves Test, which determines a definition of an investment contract. Armstrong also alluded to this vagueness in his complaint about the Commission’s behavior towards the company.
In a conversation with Cointelegraph, former SEC enforcement officer Marc Powers highlighted the many nuances involved in adapting U.S. regulatory provisions to both centralized and decentralized exchanges, especially in markets like crypto lending and staking.
According to Powers, with crypto entities like Coinbase not being registered as broker-dealers with the SEC, the Commission will need to decide if a crypto lending product qualifies as a security even if the company’s cryptocurrency listing catalog does not include any security tokens.
Detailing the many points to consider, Powers remarked: “A ‘security’ by definition not only includes ‘investment contracts,’ as interpreted by the Supreme Court in the Howey case but also ‘participation in any profit-sharing arrangement,’ adding:
“It depends, are the proposed coins which will be available on the Coinbase platform going to be pooled in a way with the profits from the daily lending activity divided among all those who loaned coins? If so, maybe there is a need for registration of the proposed program as a ‘securities’ offering and then, too, the exchange as it is offering the purchase and sale of ‘securities.’ As an ‘exchange’ is a ‘facility bringing together purchasers and sellers of securities.’”
Possible tax surveillance?
While it is perhaps correct to state that Coinbase’s argument about lending not being a security is incorrect as far as U.S. securities law is concerned, alarms have also been raised about the SEC’s conduct in the matter. Apart from the threat of legal action, a move seemingly out of left field from the Commission’s usual approach to enforcement, the SEC also asked Coinbase to provide customer details from its Lend waitlist.
Some critics of the SEC said that the request was egregious in many respects and, apart from being a privacy violation, also speaks to the anti-crypto sentiment seemingly prevalent among several key figures in Washington. Indeed, a prevailing argument among some anti-crypto policymakers in the U.S. is that less than stringent cryptocurrency regulations will result in digital assets creating a vibrant shadowed banking industry that will be put to nefarious use.
These assertions about crypto criminality fly in the face of established investigative and forensics analysis of cryptocurrency transactions, showing only a minute proportion of the overall volume being linked to illicit activities. Also, crypto is used far less with criminal intent when compared with traditional financial methods.
The SEC asking for the names and contact information of Coinbase customers interested in a crypto lending product is a development that continues to draw criticism from the cryptocurrency space. Given that the illegality of cryptocurrency lending is yet to be established by any court of competent jurisdiction, some crypto figures have expressed their discontent about the request.
Part of the alarms being raised is that the request likely points to a concerted effort towards tax surveillance of the crypto population, especially in the United States. The move also echoes the ill feelings that arose when the Treasury Department sought to track self-hosted cryptocurrency wallets toward the end of 2020.
Chairman of the SEC Gary Gensler has already spoken copiously about the Commission’s intention to enact robust laws to govern America’s crypto space. Earlier in August, the SEC chief highlighted that the regulatory policing will also include the decentralized finance (DeFi) space as well as stablecoins and crypto lending.
Earlier in September, reports emerged that the SEC was looking into Uniswap, the largest decentralized exchange in the crypto market. Gensler has also previously argued that some DeFi protocols were highly centralized.
Crypto lending crackdown
A significant portion of Armstrong’s complaints in the aforementioned Twitter thread was the apparent unwillingness of the SEC to parley with the company over its crypto lending program. The Commission could have a reason for not being forthcoming with information related to cryptocurrency lending products and this stance could be related to upcoming enforcement actions against the interests of BlockFi.
Over the summer months, crypto lending outfit BlockFi received a few cease and desist orders from state securities regulators including New Jersey and Alabama. At the time, Cointelegraph reported that the raft of regulatory pressure on BlockFi from state agencies could be a bellwether for possible federal regulations against not only BlockFi but other crypto lending participants.
If the SEC is preparing to go after BlockFi and other players in the crypto lending scene then perhaps responding to Coinbase’s request for guidance might have constituted revealing its enforcement playbook prematurely. According to Powers, however, the likelihood of a pending SEC action against BlockFi might not be the reason for the Commission’s vagueness, as reported by Coinbase.
“While it might be helpful for the SEC to provide advisery guidance to companies, it has no obligation to do so,” the adjunct professor at Florida International University College of Law told Cointelegraph. Commenting on the SEC’s reticence in providing broader guidance on crypto lending, Powers stated:
“Part of the hesitancy of the SEC providing broad pronouncements on crypto lending may lie in the variety of the platforms doing so, whether ‘securities’ are involved in an intensive facts and circumstances inquiry.”
Crypto lending is popular for a variety of reasons even beyond the attractive interest rates offered by the likes of BlockFi. For one, such companies enable people to take loans of up to 50% of the value of their cryptocurrency holdings without having to liquidate their crypto assets. So, instead of incurring the tax bill from selling cryptocurrency, customers and even institutions can access cash using their crypto as collateral.
The SEC’s threat of legal action against Coinbase provides perhaps the first real indication that federal authorities are preparing to go after crypto lending. Such enforcement action may also include policies aimed at stablecoins as well.
Crypto proponents continue to warn that stringent regulatory provisions will only serve to force innovation outside of the United States.
Coinbase Acquires Mobile Wallet Company BRD
- Coinbase has acquired the mobile wallet company BRD Wallet.
- The team behind the wallet will join Coinbase Wallet to work on self-custody and Web3 integration.
- Coinbase has acquired several other companies in recent months including Agara, Bison Trails, and Skew.
Leading crypto exchange Coinbase has acquired the crypto wallet company BRD, according to statements from both firms.
BRD Team Will Join Coinbase Wallet
BRD announced today that its team will join Coinbase, where it will contribute to the company’s Coinbase Wallet. The app was originally launched in 2014 under the name “breadwallet” and achieved a userbase of 10 million.
BRD suggested that its own wallet will continue to operate normally for the time being and that users will be given the option to migrate to Coinbase Wallet in 2022.
The team behind BRD will join the team behind Coinbase Wallet. Coinbase noted that BRD “brings deep expertise in self-custody for crypto wallets” and that the acquisition is part of its goal of “doubling down on [its] investment in self-custody and Web3.”
It is unclear how the BRD team will change Coinbase’s wallet. Though BRD offers self-custody of crypto funds, Coinbase Wallet already supports this feature, unlike many other exchange wallets.
Coinbase Is On an Acquisitions Spree
BRD is the latest Coinbase buyout in a series of 18 acquisitions since 2018. Earlier this month, Coinbase acquired Indian AI customer support company Agara for over $40 million.
In recent months, Coinbase has also acquired the wallet interoperability company Zabo, the blockchain infrastructure firm Bison Trails, and the crypto data analytics company Skew.
Coinbase also controversially acquired Neutrino in 2019, a company that has been involved in government surveillance efforts for countries such as Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan.
In other news, footwear company Adidas also announced today that it has partnered with Coinbase but has revealed few details about its plans.
Adidas Teasing Partnership with Coinbase
German sports apparel behemoth Adidas has announced a partnership with Coinbase, America’s leading cryptocurrency exchange, on Twitter.
The crypto platform replied with the handshake emoji, seemingly confirming the deal.
🤝— Coinbase (@coinbase) November 24, 2021
In another tweet, Coinbase welcomed Adidas “to the party.”
While there are no details about the high-profile tie-up as of now, cryptocurrency enthusiasts were quick to speculate about it.
On Nov. 22, Adidas tweeted about developing “adiVerse,” a play on the term “metaverse,” together with The Sandbox, a blockchain-powered gaming platform. The tweet has bolstered the rally of the native SAND token that went ballistic after Facebook changed its name to Meta in late October.
Earlier this month, Nike filed to trademark various digital items in the U.S. In 2019, the company received a patent for “Cryptokicks,” a platform for selling non-fungible tokens that represent tokenized versions of physical shoes.
Coinbase users continue to face technical issues
- Coinbase users continue to face technical issues.
- The exchange claimed it had fixed the issues.
- Elon Musk warns traders against centralized exchanges.
Trading crypto on exchanges has been regarded as one of the few best ways to make profits in the crypto market. According to a report, San Francisco-based crypto exchange, Coinbase is facing some technical issues. The report states that the technical issue, which is not the first this year stems from a series of connectivity problems the platform has battled with in the past few months. According to a tweet from the support handle of the crypto exchange, both of their platforms Coinbase and Coinbase Pro were said to be down for a long time yesterday.
Coinbase claims issue has been fixed
According to the support handle, the issues resulted in the majority of the customers witnessing failed trades and connectivity issues in their mobile apps, among others. However, a new tweet by the exchange’s support handle has mentioned that the problems were now fixed. According to the handle, traders who intend to use the Coinbase products and services can now do so without issues.
Going by records, the technical staff of the crypto exchange was said to have battled with the problems and only succeeded after two hours. Users were quick to take to Twitter to call out the crypto exchange, reminding them of a previous technical issue about a month ago. According to most of them, the connectivity issues resulted from new traders flocking into the platform to trade high-flying coins such as Crypto.com, Shiba Inu, and GYEN.
Elon Musk wants traders against centralized exchanges
A recent CoinGecko data shows that Crypto.com token CRO saw a massive 300% jump on Coinbase after it was listed in November. Also, Coinbase has restricted traders from buying and selling GYEN since November 19. Even though Coinbase released a tweet today to say the problem was fixed, some users have signaled that they are still facing issues.
According to a user, the problem persisted yesterday before he went to bed, and the problem continued after the platform said it had been fixed. Although the Coinbase Support team is still entertaining questions regarding the issues, the platform has failed to update the technical issues. According to an update by a firm spokesperson, there were issues but all the issues witnessed have now been fixed, and things are up and running perfectly.
Reacting to this, Tesla Boss Elon Musk has urged crypto traders to take their holdings away from centralized exchanges. He mentioned that traders should not consider trading with any exchange that wants to hold on to their private keys for them.