- Vitalik Buterin called the need for urgent scalability for Ethereum and the need to implement rollups.
- The Ethereum founder called Layer 2 the safest way for scaling while preserving decentralization.
Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin has come in support of Layer 2 scaling solutions for the Ethereum blockchain network. Buterin shared his views during his latest speech at the 2021 Shanghai International Blockchain Week.
The recent support from the Ethereum founder comes just at a time when developers are already working for the launch of Ethereum 2.0 Proof-of-Strake (PoS). Buterin noted that Ethereum 2.0 surely offers scalability and earlier phases of the upgrade are already approaching it. However, the base layer scalability for applications will come in the last phase of the upgrade.
During his speech, Buterin also admitted that Ethereum needs to be more scalable urgently. This demand for scalability comes amid the explosive growth of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and decentralized finance (DeFi) on the Ethereum blockchain network.
Thus, Buterin added that Layer 2 is the future of Ethereum scaling. He also called it the safest way to scale Ethereum while preserving the core ethos of decentralization. Some of the popular Layer 2 solutions for Ethereum are Polygon Hermez, ZKSync, Loopring, Arbitrum One, and Optimism.
As the Ethereum 2.0 upgrades take place progressively, there’s a significant amount of work underway to make Ethereum more secure, scalable, and sustainable. The Beacon Chian upgrade last year in December was a milestone event. The Altair upgrade coming to Ethereum later today will also bring new features to the Ethereum Beacon chain.
Ethereum’s mainnet merge along with the Beacon chain’s proof-of-stake system will mark the end of the existing Proof-of-Work Ethereum network. This will likely happen sometime in the next year of 2022. Furthermore, another multi-phase upgrade Sharding will happen in 2022. Sharding improves Ethereum’s scalability and capacity using parallel running shard chains.
Vitalik Buterin speaks about Rollups
During his speech, the Ethereum founder also spoke about another Layer 2 solution dubbed Rollups that handles transactions outside the main Ethereum chain. Later, these Rollups post the transaction data on Layer 1. Vitalik Buterin further added:
The Ethereum ecosystem is all-in on rollups as a scaling strategy for the near and mid-term future… optimistic rollups, which are simpler and easier to build were likely to be preferred in the short-term.
The Ethereum founder also noted that the ZK rollups have a complex implementation but offer higher security. Buterin added that this solution is preferable for the long term. Once the ZK rollups are ready on Ethereum, even enterprise applications will be able to leverage it.
The Ethereum founder also requested application developers to start working actively on rollups and moving to its use quickly and safely. Buterin added that the Ethereum ecosystem is betting completely on rollups as a scaling strategy for the near and the mid-term. He added that optimistic rollups are simpler and easier to build and preferred in the short term.
Coinbase adds ETH2 ahead of key upgrade this week
- The ETH2 coin listed on Coinbase will mirror the original Ether (ETH) token at least up to June 2022.
- This comes just ahead of the Arrow Glacier update that would delay the difficulty bomb on Etheruem.
Cryptocurrency exchange Coinbase seems to be preparing for a key upgrade on the Ethereum blockchain coming up this week on December 10. The crypto exchange has added a mirrored version ETH2 of the Ethereum blockchain’s native cryptocurrency Ether (ETH).
This new version of Ether just tracks the original Ether market data synchronously. As you can see in the below tweet, the cost of purchasing ETH2 is the same as that of the ETH crypto. Interestingly, the two trading volumes, market cap, circulating supply and price turn out to be the same.
However, unlike the original ETH, the new ETH2 crypto shows no trading activity. It seems that the newer version will just merely track the ETH market data at least up to mid-2022. It also shows that Coinbase is making all the early preparations for Ethereum 2.0 upgrade. Thus, ETH2 seems to be posing as the native cryptocurrency of the ongoing update of the Ethereum blockchain.
Interestingly, the recent ETH 2 listing on Coinbase happens just before the upcoming upgrade “Arrow Glacier” which will further delay the difficulty bomb.
Arrow Glacier update before Ethereum 2.0
The upcoming Arrow Glacier update on Ethereum will delay the difficulty bomb which would make it difficult for people to mine Ether. However, if the BOMB is triggered, it will slow down the Ethereum blockchain as far as it remains proof-of-work.
One of Ethereum’s core developers – Tim Beiko – said that the Arrow Glacier upgrade could probably be the last upgrade before Ethereum 2.0 goes live by June 2022. The Ethereum 2.0 will bring a significant change to the network design. Firstly, this includes a full-scale transition from the Proof-of-Work (PoW) to the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchain.
In the existing PoW Ethereum network, nodes have to validate each transaction to maintain the Ethereum public ledger. However, the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade will introduce “sharding”. This will divide the entire network into small segments dubbed “shards”. Later, it will randomly assign the nodes to each shard.
This will remove the need for each node to scan the entire chain while improving the speeds and lowering the costs required to maintain the network. These individual shards will share the transaction details with the Beacon Chain, which is the backbone of Ethereum 2.0.
ETH2 won’t be a new crypto
The Beacon Chain will validate transactions on each shard while assisting the Ethereum 2.0 network in reaching consensus. It will detect dishonest validators and further initiate penalties by removing a part of the validator’s stake from circulation.
The current ETH token will serve as a staking token in the Ethereum 2.0 PoS design. Staking of ETH will allow validators to participate in a network consensus and thus receive block rewards.
Ethereum Challenger Terra Becomes Third-Largest Blockchain by Total Value Locked, Surpassing Solana and Avalanche
Decentralized finance (DeFi) platform Terra (LUNA) has surpassed its rival blockchains to become the third-largest crypto by total value locked (TVL).
Crypto market intelligence firm Delphi Digital says that the Ethereum competitor has now overtaken Solana (SOL) and Avalanche (AVAX) in terms of TVL primarily due to value growth in Bonded Luna (bLuna), which is the token used by liquid staking protocol Lido as collateral to borrow stablecoin TerraUSD (UST) within the Anchor protocol.
“TVL on Terra network overtook Avalanche and Solana, making it [the] third-largest blockchain by TVL after Ethereum (ETH) and Binance Smart Chain (BSC).
It’s important to note that TVL numbers are highly reflective alongside native token prices as they are commonly used as collateral in DeFi and as base pairs for DEXes. In Terra’s case, DEX base pairs usually utilize Tether instead of LUNA, therefore this growth in TVL is primarily contributed by value growth in Lido bLuna.”
The TVL of a DeFi platform is the total value held within its smart contracts. It is calculated by multiplying the amount of funds locked into the network as collateral by the current price of the assets.
Delphi Digital points to how LUNA’s rise has helped Terra’s stablecoin UST increase its overall supply by 4 billion tokens due to a proposal to mint UST on the Terra network.
“The increase in UST Supply from under $3 billion to $7 billion across mid-November was due to this proposal to mint UST with LUNA in the community pool to grow the Terra ecosystem through UST usage.
UST did another ~$1 billion of growth in circulating supply after 19th November.”
LUNA is exchanging hands at $70.85 as of writing, an 46% increase from its 30-day low of $38.06.
Fourth-Largest Ethereum Whale Pounces on Large-Cap Altcoin, Accumulating $580,000,000 in Crypto
One mega-whale just loaded up on an Ethereum (ETH) token that powers a popular crypto marketplace.
The blockchain-transaction tracker WhaleStats reveals that the unnamed wallet received 14,000,000 FTT, the native token of the FTX exchange. The transaction was worth $581,444,018 at time of sending.
The whale now holds over $1.2 billion worth of FTT with a total value exceeding $3.8 billion and is now ranked fourth on the WhaleStats’ list of the top 1000 Ethereum wallets, excluding the ETH cryptocurrency itself.
Popular crypto analyst Smart Contracter is also showing interest in FTT, noting that the Fibonacci ABC spacing between sharp highs and lows on the coin’s historical chart offers encouraging signs for future price action.
The trader says in a tweet to his 196,000 followers,
“Been a long while since I played FTT but I actually think a major bottom is in and we go to [all-time highs] from here.
Perfect ABC on super-high timeframes where ABC came below the 0.618 and bull/bear periods are almost 1:1 extension.”
In late October news broke that FTX had purchased advertising airtime during the February 2022 Super Bowl as part of a wider push to bring crypto awareness to the mainstream.
Last week FTX also announced the launch of a marketplace for Ethereum-based non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
At time of writing, the FTT token is mostly flat on the day and trading at $42.73.