Bitcoin and Ethereum are never compared when functionality is taken into consideration. The sole difference comes down to Ethereum’s smart contracts feature. However, every other project which has smart contracts, one time or the other, has been deemed an Ethereum killer.
The trend began back in 2018 during the ICO boom when EOS was considered competition to Ethereum’s smart contracts proficiency. Now, there is a reasonable chance that a minority of the readers do not know about EOS at all. And, that speaks volumes.
2021 has been different though. The DeFi ecosystem classified protocols in a different light and the importance of smart contracts has been realized further. The term “Ethereum killer” received more traction than usual, but might it be irrelevant going forward?
Ethereum and its killers – To co-exist happily ever after?
Over the years, the term has risen from the prospect that new protocols would eventually take over Ethereum‘s market share. In 2021, the adoption of new layer 1 solutions has been outstanding with the likes of Solana and Avalanche. But, here is the crux – Their ecosystem is thriving on individual levels.
These protocols have established parallel applications and deployment on all chains, which is evident on ETH’s blockchain as well. Now, one way to measure DeFi demand is fundamentally through TVL or total value locked. Ethereum boasted a $21 billion TVL in January, with the same at around $86 billion now. However, its market share across the overall ecosystem dropped from 97% to 73.2% as Polygon and BSC entered the fray.
However, does it change things in the long term? Possibly not.
TVL increases and decreases do not factor much in the long term as it is a variable metric. In the short term, it may signify activity for new projects, but Ethereum has an established and thriving Network Effect.
Co-existence doesn’t mean survival now
As far as Ethereum is concerned, it will always have the edge in terms of market credibility during a bearish market. It has survived such market cycles in the past, unlike these protocols that have emerged only in the last few months.
On the other hand, Ethereum bridges TVL has continued to grow over the past few months. What this indicates is that its TVL share cannot be estimated based on only parent chain lockout. Over time, some of the pretenders, rather than killers, might get washed out due to incentive programs going dry on the charts or non-innovative protocols becoming less relevant.
Another recipe for disaster would be centralization shortcomings and regulations and hardware costs getting accelerated. Hence, in the long run, Ethereum will never be ‘killed.’ Even so, it is essential for small protocols to function in order to onboard users that continue to be priced out of Ethereum’s base layer of activity.
Vitalik Buterin proposes calldata limit per block to lower ETH gas costs
Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin has proposed a new limit on the total transaction calldata in a block to decrease the overall transaction calldata gas cost over the ETH network.
Buterin’s post on the Ethereum Magicians forum, EIP-4488, highlights concerns regarding high transaction fees on layer-one blockchains for rollups and the considerable amount of time to implement and deploy data sharding:
“Hence, a short-term solution to further cut costs for rollups and to incentivize an ecosystem-wide transition to a rollup-centric Ethereum is desired.”
While the entrepreneur cited an alternative wherein the gas costs parameters could be decreased without further adding a limit to the block size, he foresees a security concern in decreasing the calldata gas cost from 16 to 3:
“[This] would increase the maximum block size to 10M bytes and push the Ethereum p2p networking layer to unprecedented levels of strain and risk breaking the network.”
Some think layer 2 fees on ETH are too high, because each byte of data a rollup uses cost 16 gas. To lower fees, the gas cost could be reduced to 3. This should be a large benefit, with 5x lower fees. However, in the long term, this may mean blocksize is a new network constraint pic.twitter.com/ffbTQ4zXOz— BitMEX Research (@BitMEXResearch) November 26, 2021
Buterin issued a decrease-cost-and-cap proposal, which aims to achieve the goal of reducing unprecedented levels of strain and risk breaking the network, and believes that “1.5 MB will be sufficient while preventing most of the security risk.” As for advice to the Ethereum community, he wrote:
“It’s worth rethinking the historical opposition to multi-dimensional resource limits and considering them as a pragmatic way to simultaneously achieve moderate scalability gains while retaining security.”
If accepted, the implementation of the proposal will require a scheduled network upgrade, resulting in a backward-incompatible gas repricing for the Ethereum ecosystem. This upgrade will also mean that miners will have to comply with a new rule that prevents the addition of new transactions into a block when the total calldata size reaches the maximum. “A worst-case scenario would be a theoretical long-run maximum of ~1,262,861 bytes per 12 sec slot, or ~3.0 TB per year,” the proposal read.
However, the community is discussing other options like the implementation of a soft limit. Others raised concerns about the congestion during nonfungible token (NFT) sales, which may require users to compensate for the lack of execution gas by paying a higher total fee.
Rising gas fees have resulted in an outflow of users from the Ethereum network to lower the cost of Ethereum Virtual Machine-compatible networks.
As Cointelegraph reported on Nov. 4, Etherscan data shows that approving a token to be transacted on Uniswap decentralized finance protocol can cost as much as $50 worth in Ether (ETH).
Additionally, layer-two solutions, which were billed as the protocols that would help solve the fee issue, have been charging high fees due to network congestion amid the onboarding of new users.
Ethereum price could easily double as ETH long term outlook screams bullish
- Ethereum price has formed a chart pattern on the weekly chart that indicates an optimistic outlook of a 97% ascent.
- ETH must clear a few critical resistances before the bullish forecast could be validated.
- Holding above $3,917 is crucial for the token’s rise toward $10,000.
Ethereum price continues to consolidate and discover reliable support above $4,000. ETH appears to be preparing for a massive bull run, as a technical pattern suggests that the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization is looking to double its value in the longer term.
Ethereum price eyes $10,000
Ethereum price has printed a bull pennant pattern on the weekly chart, suggesting that ETH is eyeing higher prices. The prevailing chart pattern suggests that if the token slices above the upper boundary at $5,252, a 97% ascent toward $10,418 is on the radar.
ETH/USDT weekly chart
The first area of resistance for Ethereum price appears to be at $4,211, where the 50-day Simple Moving Average (SMA) and the 78.6% Fibonacci retracement level coincide. Additional resistance will emerge at the 21-day SMA at $4,421.
The token’s all-time high at $4,884 will then act as an additional obstacle for Ethereum price, but slicing above this level could unravel further bullish intentions for ETH.
If Ethereum price manages to break above the aforementioned resistances, ETH may target the last remaining obstacle before the bullish outlook is validated, at the upper boundary of the bull pennant at $5,252. The 97% climb toward $10,418 would then be on the radar, but the token would be confronted by several hurdles, including the 127.2% Fibonacci retracement level at $5,762, then at the 161.8% Fibonacci retracement level at $6,866.
ETH/USDT daily chart
However, if Ethereum price faces profit-taking, ETH would discover the first line of defense at the September 3 high at $4,020, then at the October 16 high at $3,962. The lower boundary of the governing technical pattern at $3,917, coinciding with the support line given by the Momentum Reversal Indicator (MRI).
Investors should note that if Ethereum price slices below the aforementioned foothold, the bullish thesis may be invalidated and ETH could continue to slide lower, as it searches for reliable support at the 100-day SMA at $3,762, then at the 61.8% Fibonacci retracement level at $3,675.
Raoul Pal Details Four Favorite Altcoins After Bitcoin and Ethereum, Outlines ‘Most Important’ Chart in Crypto
Real Vision founder and chief executive Raoul Pal is updating his followers on his favorite altcoins outside of Ethereum (ETH).
Pal, a vocal Ethereum bull, tells his 795,200 Twitter followers that ETH competitor and smart contract platform Solana (SOL) is one of his favorite altcoins. Solana’s native token SOL, the fifth-ranked crypto asset by market cap, is trading at $200.10 at time of writing, down nearly 7% on the day.
Pal also lists three other smart contract platforms, Avalanche (AVAX), Terra (LUNA) and Polkadot (DOT), among his favorite altcoins.
AVAX, the 11th-ranked crypto asset by market cap, is trading at $110.06 at time of writing, down nearly 9% on the day. In the same time period, LUNA is down 2.36%, trading at $41.81 at time of writing. DOT, the 9th-ranked crypto asset by market cap, is trading at $35.83 at time of writing, down 11.69% on the day.
Despite listing four smart contract platforms, Pal agrees with a theory laid out by Chris Dixon, a general partner at Andreessen Horowitz, stating that “ETH killers” are a myth.
Dixon believes demand for blockchains will outpace supply.
Another great thread by @cdixon 100% agree. The pie is getting bigger and slices may vary in size and will increase in number over time, but most are getting bigger too.. https://t.co/xRMau2aLbD— Raoul Pal (@RaoulGMI) November 21, 2021
Pal also thinks the Ethereum/Bitcoin (ETH/BTC) chart is currently the “most important chart” in the crypto markets.
“The ETH/BTC chart is in my opinion the most important chart in digital asset markets right now. A break higher will lead to more risk-seeking into year-end. BTC will go higher too.”
Ethereum is trading at $4,125.15, or about 0.076 BTC, at time of writing.